Presidential Trump and Democratic rival for the White House, Joe Biden took half in separate city corridor occasions final evening, taking questions from a moderator and members of the general public.
We’ve fact-checked a few of their claims.
Trump: “Just the other day, they came out with a statement that 85% of the people that wear masks catch it.”
Verdict: We can discover no proof to assist this declare.
The president could have been referring to a examine by the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) that discovered adults with Covid-19 had been greater than twice as more likely to have reported consuming at a restaurant earlier than getting unwell, in comparison with these with out the illness.
The examine discovered that 85% of the 150 respondents with coronavirus stated they’d at all times or usually wore a masks within the two weeks earlier than getting unwell.
So the president misinterprets this – it doesn’t present that 85% of people who put on masks generally, catch coronavirus.
The CDC has stated: “The interpretation that more mask-wearers are getting infected compared to non-mask wearers is incorrect.”
Biden: “They have more people there now, by the way, than when we left in Afghanistan.”
Verdict: That’s not proper. There are fewer US personnel in Afghanistan now than when Mr Obama left workplace.
President Trump has lengthy known as for troops to be introduced house from operations overseas and has criticised US navy interventions for being pricey and ineffective.
At the top of the Obama administration, there have been 9,294 lively troops in Afghanistan and a complete of 12,966 personnel if reserve and civilian numbers are additionally included, in accordance with the US Department of Defense.
Mr Trump did order an additional 3,000 personnel into Afghanistan in 2017, nonetheless since then numbers have been considerably lowered.
Earlier this month, nationwide safety adviser Robert O’Brien stated the US had lower than 5,000 troops in Afghanistan.
Trump: “We’ve given you the greatest tax cut in the history of our country.”
Verdict: That’s not proper for tax cuts generally – earlier ones have been bigger. It is true for company tax.
We investigated this declare in 2018 shortly after Congress handed sweeping tax reform laws. According to tax specialists, the cuts had been large however not the largest.
The Committee for a Responsible Budget regarded on the numbers and reported that President Trump’s tax cuts could be the eighth-largest in US historical past, in comparison with the general dimension of the economic system.
If you regulate the evaluation for inflation, President Trump’s tax cuts rank fourth general.
However tax specialists additionally assessed Mr Trump’s lower in company tax from 35% to 21%. Most stated in absolute phrases it was the largest company tax lower in historical past.
Biden: “There were 44 people [health experts working for the US] on the ground [in China]…All those 44 people came home, never got replaced.”
Verdict: The variety of personnel working on the CDC workplace in China has fallen beneath President Trump, however Mr Biden’s figures aren’t proper.
The United States has had a Centres for Disease Control (CDC) workplace in China for many years. The CDC is the highest authorities physique chargeable for defending public well being.
Mr Biden is suggesting right here that previous to the beginning of the coronavirus outbreak in China, the CDC workplace had been considerably depleted.
The general variety of CDC employees in China has come down considerably in recent times, however Mr Biden is just not right that all of them left.
The CDC web site says that as of March this 12 months there have been 14 employees in complete working in China – three from the US and 11 employed domestically.
That’s down from 47 CDC employees a 12 months earlier, eight of whom had been US workers and 39 of whom had been domestically recruited.
Health Secretary Alex Azar instructed journalists in late January that the US had supplied on 6 January to ship a crew from the CDC – a proposal that was repeated later that month and in February.
Two US specialists did get into China as a part of a multinational delegation from the World Health Organization, which went in mid-February.
Trump: “GDP is going through the roof.”
Verdict: The newest numbers present a file fall in GDP throughout the pandemic. However the following set of figures, due out on the finish of October, are anticipated to indicate a file enhance.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the worth of products and companies within the economic system – and it is used to measure the dimensions and well being of a rustic’s economic system.
In the second quarter of 2020 – the most recent out there knowledge accounting for April, May and June – the economic system contracted by over 30%. That’s greater than the earlier file 10% fall in 1958.
However, the figures for July, August and September – that are due out on the finish of this month – are anticipated to indicate file progress however not sufficient to regain the losses throughout the pandemic to date.
Prior to the pandemic, throughout President Trump’s first three years in workplace, Mr Trump oversaw an annual common progress of two.5%.
The final three years of the Obama administration noticed an identical stage of progress (2.3%).
Biden: “My deal is a crucial framework, but not the New Green Deal. The New Green Deal calls for elimination of all non-renewable energy by 2030.”
Verdict: The plan doesn’t name for the elimination of fossil fuels by 2030.
The Green New Deal (GND) (not the “New Green Deal”) is a plan put ahead by Democrats on the progressive wing of the celebration.
Mr Biden is flawed in saying that the GND requires the elimination of non-renewable power sources by 2030. It really requires net-zero emissions by that date – which is sort of completely different.
‘Net zero’ means greenhouse fuel emissions are balanced by absorbing an equal quantity from the ambiance by, for instance, by preserving forests and selling renewable power sources.
The GND decision says “it is the duty of the Federal Government to create a Green New Deal to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions.”
At the presidential debate final month, Mr Biden stated “I don’t support the Green New Deal”. However, on his marketing campaign web site, it says: “Biden believes the Green New Deal is a crucial framework for meeting the climate challenges we face.”