During his first 4 weeks within the White House, President Joe Biden has been speaking concerning the challenges going through the US – from coronavirus to the financial system – and has contrasted his insurance policies with these of his predecessor, Donald Trump.
We’ve fact-checked a few of the claims he is been making.
Claim: “When I took office just three weeks ago this country did not have a plan or enough vaccines”
President Biden has repeatedly criticised the earlier administration’s vaccine rollout.
But it isn’t appropriate to say the US “did not have a plan” beneath Mr Trump.
It revealed a vaccination plan again in September specializing in its technique to distribute the vaccine to states.
However, as we have reportedly beforehand, there have been complaints about the way it was carried out, and a couple of lack of funding from the federal authorities which led to logistical issues on the native degree as soon as vaccines had been delivered.
And some states appealed for extra provides.
When it comes as to whether there have been “enough” vaccines, the Trump administration secured 400 million doses from Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna (the 2 vaccines presently accepted within the US). All of those doses are set to be delivered by July.
That’s not sufficient to totally vaccinate your complete US inhabitants (each vaccines require two doses), however it allowed the US to ramp up its vaccination programme quicker than many different developed nations.
When Mr Trump left workplace in January, the US had vaccinated greater than 16 million individuals – the fourth highest per capita after Israel, the UAE and the UK.
The Trump administration additionally secured contracts for a complete of 500 million doses from Johnson & Johnson, Novavax and AstraZeneca – vaccines that are but to be accepted within the US, however are more likely to come on stream later within the 12 months.
Claim: White supremacists are the “greatest threat” in America
Answering a query at a city corridor occasion in Milwaukee concerning the menace from white supremacists, President Biden mentioned they have been the “most dangerous people” in America and posed the best home terror menace.
This declare is supported by the US Department of Homeland Security – its annual evaluation final 12 months mentioned that violent white supremacy was the “most persistent and lethal threat” within the US.
There has been a big rise within the variety of violent far-right assaults and plots within the US over latest years, in response to the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
During the primary eight months of 2020, most home terror plots and assaults got here from the far-right – considerably greater than from far-left or militant Jihadist teams.
Claim: “I do think that we should have a minimum wage… at $15 an hour…and all the economics shows if you do that, the whole economy rises”
Raising the US minimal wage to $15 (£10) an hour by 2025 was one among President Biden’s key marketing campaign pledges – the present nationwide charge is $7.25 an hour.
Asked for proof of his declare that “all the economics” reveals that this could elevate the US financial system, the White House despatched BBC Reality Check a listing of financial research supporting elevating the minimal wage.
But there are different research which say the elevated wage prices might lead to companies hiring fewer individuals.
The Congressional Budget Office – a federal company offering financial data to the US authorities – estimated that elevating the minimal to $15 by 2025 might enhance the wages of 17 million employees but in addition result in a lack of 1.Four million jobs.
But one other examine, for the UK authorities in 2019, which checked out seven US states that had already moved to step by step enhance their minimal wage, discovered “a very muted effect of minimum wages on employment”.
Claim: “We have so many millions of people working 40 hours a week…and some with two jobs and they’re still below the poverty line”
The newest poverty figures, for 2019, present about 2.Three million individuals have been in poverty within the US regardless of sustaining at the very least one full-time job all year long.
Poverty is calculated utilizing the nationwide census to evaluate if a household’s complete earnings is lower than their wants.
If it’s, then each individual in that household is taken into account to be in poverty.
Claim: “$8 trillion in deficit spending over the past four years – much of it having gone to the wealthiest people in the country”
The deficit is the quantity of presidency spending that exceeds income from issues equivalent to tax, over the course of a 12 months.
The Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget (CRFB) directed BBC Reality Check to its analysis on deficits ensuing from tax and spending signed into legislation by Mr Trump through the previous 4 years.
But not all of this spending has occurred but.
Government spending is distributed broadly throughout departments, on healthcare programmes for poorer Americans and in direction of the army funds.
Funding for these affected by the pandemic went to individuals of various incomes, together with enterprise homeowners and the unemployed.
When he talked about “much of it having gone to the wealthiest”, President Biden was referring to sweeping tax cuts handed in 2017 (estimated to price near $2tn over a 10-year interval) – in response to authorities officers.
And unbiased research have discovered excessive earners – the highest 20% of the inhabitants – have, to date, benefited essentially the most from these.