This along with one other coverage on the Arctic area is predicted to place India on the forefront in exploring sources of strategic significance by maritime cooperation.
A draft of the Blue Economy coverage doc, outlining imaginative and prescient and technique that may be adopted by the federal government to utilise a spread of residing and non-living oceanic sources, proposes establishing an overarching nationwide authority known as the National Blue Economy Council (NBEC) to deliver all the present experience and schemes beneath one oversight company for holistic planning and implementation.
The draft, ready by the financial advisory council to the Prime Minister, has been put out in public area for stakeholders’ feedback until February 27.
The coverage shall be finalised after taking into view feedback and recommendations.
“We have put out two draft policy documents – one on Blue Economy and the other on Arctic region – for stakeholders’ comments. The ministry of earth sciences (MoES) has contributed to both the drafts.
In fact, the Deep Ocean Mission, announced by the ministry, will be a big boost for the Blue Economy initiatives which the government is taking up,” mentioned Madhavan Rajeevan, secretary, MoES.
India’s draft coverage on the Arctic area, unveiled final month, focuses on the nation’s plan to develop local weather analysis, tourism, maritime cooperation and vitality safety by an exploration of mineral fuel and oil in a sustainable method.
The draft coverage on Blue Economy, alternatively, focuses on coastal marine spatial planning, island tourism, marine fisheries by deep-sea mining, aquaculture, transport, fish processing and offshore vitality. Security and strategic dimensions by worldwide engagement are additionally one in every of its key parts.
It additionally suggests exploring the deployment of a devoted satellite tv for pc system for administration and regulation of fisheries and allied actions. The proposed coverage goals to reinforce the contribution of the blue economic system to India’s GDP, enhance lives of coastal communities, protect marine biodiversity, and preserve the nationwide safety of marine areas and sources.
With a shoreline of almost 7,516 kilometres, India has a novel maritime place. Nine of its 28 states are coastal, and the nation’s geography consists of 1,382 islands. There are almost 199 ports, together with 12 main ports that deal with roughly 1,400 million tons of cargo every year. Moreover, India’s Exclusive Economic Zone of over 2 million sq. kilometres has a bounty of residing and non-living sources with important recoverable sources reminiscent of crude oil and pure fuel. The nation’s coastal economic system sustains over four million fisherfolk and coastal communities.
Referring to the SSS axis, the draft says, “It was felt that India ought to rigorously determine worldwide companions with frequent pursuits, confirmed capabilities and know-how within the Blue Economy for expertise sharing, adaptation and switch which could have long-lasting advantages. In this context, India ought to acknowledge an necessary rising financial and strategic axis.”
The draft coverage additionally underlines the significance of getting a authorized and regulatory framework in the end to pursue India’s commitments beneath international obligation such because the intention to extend the marine conservation areas to 10% by 2030 beneath the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG).
The coverage doc notes that world-over totally different nationwide and international initiatives are being undertaken to harness the Blue Economy. Countries just like the United States, Australia, Brazil, UK, Russia and Norway have developed devoted nationwide ocean insurance policies with measurable outcomes and budgetary provisions. Canada and Australia have, in reality, enacted laws and established hierarchical establishments at federal and state ranges to make sure progress and monitoring of Blue Economy targets.