Home » Dirty coal to hydrogen: Trial goals for clean-energy resolution | Climate Change News

Dirty coal to hydrogen: Trial goals for clean-energy resolution | Climate Change News

by newsking24

Japan’s Kawasaki Heavy and Australian state of Victoria plan to create first worldwide hydrogen-supply chain.

A Japanese-Australian enterprise has begun producing hydrogen from brown coal in a 500 million Australian {dollars} ($390m) pilot undertaking that goals to point out liquefied hydrogen will be produced commercially and exported safely abroad.

The plan is to create the primary worldwide provide chain for liquefied hydrogen and the following huge step will probably be to ship cargo on the world’s first liquefied hydrogen service.

“We have the potential here to be world leaders in the production and export of hydrogen and this project is developing up that technology to do exactly that,” Australian Energy Minister Angus Taylor advised the Reuters information company on the sidelines of a ceremony marking the occasion.

Australia, already dominant within the world liquefied pure fuel (LNG) commerce, is hoping liquefied hydrogen will give it a greener marketplace for its coal and fuel.

Run by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and situated within the state of Victoria, residence to 1 / 4 of the world’s recognized brown coal reserves, the undertaking is vital to serving to Japan meet its goal of attaining net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.

Japan, the world’s fifth-largest vitality shopper, goals to spice up its annual hydrogen demand tenfold to 20 million tonnes by 2050, equal to about 40 % of its present energy technology.

Brown coal is taken into account the poorest-quality model of the gasoline because of its comparatively low vitality content material and has pushed a few of Australia’s dirtiest energy stations, a few of which have already shut or are slated for closure.

“The important thing is hydrogen should be cost-competitive, and Victorian brown coal is a cheap source of hydrogen,” mentioned Hirofumi Kawazoe, the overall supervisor of Kawasaki’s Hydrogen Engineering Australia unit.

Coal gasification

The undertaking is producing hydrogen making coal react with oxygen and steam below excessive warmth and stress in a course of that additionally yields carbon dioxide and different gases.

If the undertaking turns into industrial, the carbon dioxide can be buried off the coast of Victoria. The Australian and Victoria state governments are working a parallel undertaking to check transporting and injecting carbon dioxide below the seabed.

Studies present hydrogen produced from coal utilizing such carbon seize and storage expertise is half to one-third the price of producing inexperienced hydrogen, mentioned Jeremy Stone, a J-Power director on the undertaking.

A brown coal conveyor from the Loy Yang coal mine, the supply of coal for the Japanese Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain undertaking [Sonali Paul/Reuters]

Green hydrogen is produced utilizing wind and solar energy to separate water and, not like hydrogen produced from coal, depends on the climate.

Groups campaigning to finish using brown coal say, nevertheless, that the undertaking is a waste of cash.

“The technology will be superseded in the next few years by clean hydrogen sourced from renewable energy. Any investment in coal-to-hydrogen infrastructure will quickly become a white elephant,” mentioned Environment Victoria campaigns supervisor Nicholas Aberle.

The hydrogen produced within the 70 kilograms-a-day (154 pounds-a-day) demonstration plant will probably be transported by trailer to a port website the place it will likely be liquefied for export.

The first cargo to Japan has been delayed to the second half of this 12 months because of COVID-19 restrictions which have slowed closing checks on the tanker.

Partners within the undertaking embrace Iwatani Corp, Marubeni Corp, Sumitomo Corp and AGL Energy Ltd, whose mine is supplying the brown coal.

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